My second Washoku adventure began much like the first: browsing through Elizabeth Andoh’s cookbook to identify a few potential recipes, going to the farmers’ market and buying a variety of produce, then figuring out what to do with it all. This time the “Temple Garden Chowder” in Andoh’s book was the only seasonal and local recipe that jumped out at me. On this day at the market, Spring vegetables were out in full force (spinach, asparagus, sugar snap pea) and the mushroom stand had a special on a mix of shiitake and royal trumpet mushrooms. I also grabbed some winter hold-overs like cabbage and beets. With the washoku principles in mind, I created the following menu:
- Spring vegetable soup. Carrot, mushroom, asparagus, and sugar snap pea in a Japanese vegetarian dashi (broth), flavored with locally-made mirin (Takara brand) and non-local soy sauce. My adaptation of Andoh’s Temple Garden Chowder is below.
- Vegetable pancakes. Inspired by the okonomiyaki I love so much, these pancakes were shredded cabbage, carrot, and home-made pickled ginger, in a batter of eggs, rice flour and wheat flour. I didn’t follow a recipe, and the result was disappointing. Vegetable pancakes require a careful balance between dough and vegetable, and I didn’t have it.
- Sauteed spinach with garlic. After getting through the drudgery of cleaning the spinach, this comes together in a few minutes.
- Seared royal trumpet mushrooms. Cooked over high heat in a Calpahlon skillet until golden-brown, then flavored with a splash of soy sauce and sake.
- Pickled beets. I cooked the beets in boiling water, let them cool, then cut them into long, narrow rectangles (1 cm x 1 cm x 7 cm), and soaked the pieces overnight in a mixture of rice vinegar, water, salt and sugar. I
- Steamed White Rice
How did I do on the five washoku principles this time?
- Five colors: red (beets, red cabbage), green (snap peas, spinach, asparagus), white (rice, mushrooms), black (nothing), and yellow (carrots).
- Five tastes: I only had four. I had sour, sweet, salty, bitter, but nothing spicy.
- Five ways of cooking: I had four. There was searing (mushrooms), simmering (vegetable soup), steaming (rice), and sauteing (pancakes). I’m just starting to learn how to make quick pickles, and the beets I made don’t really count as “raw” since they were cooked before soaking, so I was missing that element.
- Five senses: sound (the crunch of the vegetables), sight (the variety of colors), smell (the mushrooms were intensely aromatic), touch (crunch again, and the softness of the cooked spinach), and taste (everything).
Although my meal was lacking a few of the washoku elements, it was harmonious and delicious. I think I am getting a handle on what Ms. Andoh called a “flow” in the kitchen at her San Francisco lecture. I don’t know if I can explain it yet, but the meals like the one listed above and in my earlier post are built of a combination of ultra-simple and more complex dishes, with a variety of shared ingredients. For example, the vegetarian dashi is used in several dishes and the mushrooms appear in two dishes. This sharing simplifies preparation, as does the idea of including dishes in the menu that are served at room temperature and can therefore be completed early in the process. In many of the meals I cook, I go a little crazy over planning the final sequence of steps so that everything is done at the same moment. Learning to find my kitchen flow through washoku cooking might bring some calm to those last moments of other meals.
Spring Vegetable Soup
Inspired by Elizabeth Andoh’s “Temple Garden Chowder” in Washoku
- 3 cups vegetarian dashi stock (see separate recipe below)
- Approximately 4 cups of vegetables, placed in different bowls based on the time they require to cook so they can be added to the stock at the right time. For the soup mentioned above, I used asparagus (cut into 3/4 inch lengths), carrots (cut in half length-wise, then into 1/2 inch lengths), sugar snap peas (cut in half at an angle), and mushrooms (cut into bit-size pieces). The carrots and mushrooms went in one bowl, the asparagus in another, and the snap peas in their own bowl.
- 2 tablespoons mirin
- 2 tablespoons soy sauce (or to taste)
Make the dashi (see separate recipe), then pour it into a medium sauce pan. Add the mirin and soy sauce.
Add the slower cooking vegetables to the stock and bring the mixture to a low simmer. When the vegetables are close to being done, add the quicker cooking vegetables in a sequence and with the timing that will allow them to be cooked properly when you are ready to serve. For example, the asparagus might go in 10 minutes after the carrots and mushrooms, and then the snap peas for the last 3 or 4 minutes. The goal is to have each vegetable at its perfect level of doneness when you serve the soup.
Vegetarian Dashi Stock
A critical building block of vegetarian Japanese cooking, this stock is full of naturally-occurring flavor enhancers from kombu seaweed and shiitake mushrooms. Ideally, the seaweed and mushrooms will soak for many hours, but that isn’t essential. A decent stock can be made in a hurry.
- 15-20 square inches kombu sea vegetable
- 2-4 dried shiitake mushrooms
- 4 cups cool water
Place a piece of kombu sea vegetable and several dried shiitake mushrooms into the water. For best results, use a glass or ceramic container.
Let this mixture steep for a few hours or overnight in the refrigerator. A long soaking allows the natural glutamates (flavor enhancers) to develop and dissolve into the water.
- When ready to make the stock, put the mixture in a pan over medium heat.
- Bring it almost to a boil, then reduce the heat slightly to keep it at a low simmer. Keep it at this point for 5 minutes, then turn off the heat.
- Let the mixture steep for 5 minutes more, and then strain into a saucepan.
Save the shiitake mushrooms for another use (recipes that call for dashi also often use shiitake mushrooms). The kombu is often discarded, though there are certainly recipes that use it (see notes).
Kombu is available in many Asian grocery stores (generalists like 99 Ranch Market, and specialists in Japanese or Korean foods). Sometimes packages simply read “Kombu”, sometimes they say “Dashi Kombu.”
The kombu is often discarded, though there are certainly recipes that use it: Washoku has a one for a flavorful kombu relish; the team at Salt Point Seaweed recommend putting pieces in a pot of beans for extra umami (store the pieces of kombu in your freezer).
Adapted from Washoku: Recipes from the Japanese Home Kitchen, by Elizabeth Andoh
#1 – Vacaville (37 mi), Solano Mushrooms: shiitake and royal trumpet mushrooms
#2 – Santa Rosa (50 mi), Ludwig Avenue Farm: eggs
#3 – Guinda (67 mi), Riverdog Farm: aparagus, cabbage
#4 – Winters (50 mi), Terra Firma Farm: beets, spinach, carrots
#5 – Sacramento (70 mi), Bariani: olive oil.
#6 – San Juan Batista (84 mi), Happy Boy Farm: Leeks
#7 – South Dos Palos (105 mi), Koda Farms: rice
#8 – Clovis (155 mi), Vong Farms: ginger root
#9 – Chowchilla (120 mi), Happy Boy Farms: snap peas
#10 – Mendocino (130 mi), Seabreeze Seavegetables: kombu seaweed
Not shown: Sake and mirin from Takara Sake in Berkeley (made from Sacramento Valley rice)